The home of Yak and Yeti is situated in
the Eastern Himalayas spread below the world's third
highest mountain, Khangchendzonga (8585 m) revered by
the Sikkimese as their protective deity. Sikkim is
separated by the Singalila Range from Nepal in the West,
Chola Range from Tibet in the Northeast and Bhutan in
the Southeast. Rangit and Rangpo river from the borders
with the Indian state of West Bengal in the South.
Though measuring just 65 kms. by 115 kms - the size of
Switzerland - it ranges from sweltering deep valleys - a
mere 300 mts. above sea level to lofty snow peaks such
as Khangchendzonga. On its west side is the massif 31
kms. long Zemu Glacier. Various explorers and
mountaineers have claimed to have seen YETI or its foot
prints in the vicinity of the mountain and its glacier,
- "The Abominable Snowman" has its place in folklore.
Sikkim's botanical and geological affluence is truly
impressive. The variety of birds and butterflies in
Sikkim is matched only by incredible diversity in the
animal and botanical world, nourished by unique dramatic
The lower altitudes are sub-tropical and abound in some
of Sikkim's more than 600 hundred Orchid varieties,
sprays of Cardamom, fruits orchards and terraced rice
To the Lepchas - this was "Nye Mae-El" (Paradise), to
the Bhutias it is, "Beymul Denzong" (The Hidden Valley
of Rice). Sikkim is commonly attributed to the Tsong
word "Sukhim' meaning (New or Happy Home). The people of
Sikkim are warm, simple and friendly with a natural
gaiety. The custom and rituals of Sikkimese are as
diverse as the ethnic groups that inhabit the land. They
have an impressive repertoire of folk songs and dances.
People of Sikkim love to celebrate with a gay abandon
and their way of life is inextricably bound up with
Just as Mt. Khangchendzonga is an indisputable part of
the consciousness of the Sikkimese people, so to the
rivers Teesta and Rangit with deep ravines and their
valleys allowing monsoon to penetrate in the northern
most parts which nourishes this " Garden of Himalayas".
At higher altitudes, monsoon mists cling to use tracts
of Lichens- covered forest, where every conceivable
species of Rhododendron and giant Magnolia trees.
Conifers and beautiful flowering plants as Primulas,
Gentians, Blue Poppies, Wild Strawberry and Raspberry.
All over Sikkim, forest and wilderness areas are
inhabited by the Snow Leopard, Thar, Yaks, Wild Ass in
the Tibetan Plateau, Bharal or Blue Sheep, Shapi and the
symbol of Sikkim - the endangered Red Panda.